In the Carmelita-Mirador Circuit
The geographical characteristics of the region allow you to recognize the presence of three ecological zones that interact at the landscape level.
On the hills and plateaus you can find the High Forest, where the vegetation can reach 35 meters high with species such as Ceiba (Ceiba pentandra), Mahogany (Swietenia macrophyla), Ramón (Brosimum alicastrum), Chicozapote (Manilkara zapota), although you can also find other species such as the Allspice (Pimenta dioica), Chacah (Bursera simaruba), Cedrillo (Guarea sp.) and Manchiche (Lonchocarpus castilloi), among many others.
In the flood areas there is the Low Forest, with shrubs, pastures and grasslands. Here it is possible to observe species such as the Escobo (Cryosophila argentea), Tinto (Haematoxylum campechianum), Chechen Negro (Metopium brownei), Guarumo (Cecropia peltata), Cericote (Cordia dodecandra), Pucté (Bucida buceras), Oak (Cordia diversifolia), Cedar (Cedrela mexicana) and Nance (Byrsonima crassifolia).
Wetlands are areas of marsh, swamps or water, from which a large number of animal species, especially resident and migratory birds, benefit. Among the main species of plants are Penacho de Indio (Aphelandra scabra), Annona (Annona glabra), Bayal (Desmoncus spp.), Huano (Sabal morrisiana), Zapote bobo (Pachira aquatica) and Navajuela (Cladium jamaicense), among others.
More than 250 species of birds, 56 species of reptiles and amphibians, 16 species of fish and countless invertebrates have been recorded in the circuit area. As in much of the Mayan Biosphere Reserve, the presence of jaguars (Panthera onca), deers (Odocoileus virginianus), pumas (Puma concolor), tapirs (Tapirus bairdii), ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) and armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus). In the glass of the trees, the extensive families of howling monkeys (Alouatta pigra) and spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyí) can not be missed, while in the wetlands they are recognized as shelters of a great diversity represented by the crocodile Moreleti (Crocodylus moreletii), the white turtle (Dermatemys mawii), and the white fish (Petenia splendida).